Other oil crops

Camelina sativa (L.) Crantz., Brassicaceae (falseflax, linseed dodder, or gold-of-pleasure) originated in the Mediterranean to Central Asia. It is an annual or winter annual that attains heights of 30 to 90 cm tall. Read more

Moringa is the sole genus in the flowering plant family Moringaceae.  It contains 13 species from tropical and subtropical climates that range in size from tiny herbs to massive trees. Read more

Neem (Azadirachta indica) is a fast-growing tree in tropical and subtropical area’s that can reach a height of 15-20 m (about 50-65 feet), rarely to 35-40 m (115-131 feet). It is evergreen, but in severe drought it may shed most or nearly all of its leaves. Read more

Copaifera langsdorfii (The diesel tree)Evergreen tree to 35 m tall, to 1 m in diameter, otherwise rather resembling Copaifera officinalis. In Argentina (Territorio de Misiones) it is 6-12 m tall, with paripinnate glabrous, subcoriaceous leaves 5-10 cm long; Read more

Thevetia peruviana is a plant probably native to Mexico and Central America and a close relative to Nerium oleander. It is an evergreen tropical shrub or small tree that bears yellow or orange-yellow, trumpet like flowers and its fruit is deep red/black in colour encasing a large seed that bears some resemblance to a Chinese “lucky nut.” Read  more

Pongamia pinnata (L.) (Millettia pinnata) Pierre has also been called Derris indica (Lam.) Bennet and Pongamia glabra Vent., all of these three names are still commonly found in literature. According to Lewis (1988), this species may eventually be transferred to genus Millettia.  Pongamia pinnata is one of the few nitrogen fixing trees (NFTS) to produce seeds containing 30-40% oil. Read more

Croton megalocarpus. Is a tropical/subtropical tree that  grows to 15-35 m; it has distinctive layering of branches and a rather flat crown. Bark dark grey, rough, and crackling. Hardy and fast growing. Leaves variable, long, oval and pointed to about 12 cm. Read  more

Castor (Ricinus communis) is a fast growing ever-green tropical/subtropical shrub that produces seeds with a high oil content (35-55%).Cold pressing yields 30-36% oil measured by weight. Warm pressing (>70°C) yields 38-48%.It is usualy grown as an annual crop. Read more
Crambe abbessynica. Erect, annual branched cruciferous herb, up to 1-2 m tall depending on season and plant density, branching mostly in the upper half.Oil conten is 25-33% with hulls. More drought tolerant than corn and canola. Read more

Cuphea is native to the New World, from Southern U.S. to Northern South America. Most are herbaceous annuals that will grow in many locations. However, Cuphea is only a few years from the wild and still has the characteristics of a wild plant. Read more

Xanthoceras sorbifolium is native to Northern China and grows about 8 meter tall. Seeds look like small chestnuts and are edible. Read more

%d bloggers like this: